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The painting "Golgotha", became one of the last works of Nikolai Ge and, according to critics, remained unfinished. The author tried to put a deep moral meaning in his work.
In the center of the picture is Christ and two robbers. Each character in the picture is endowed with its own character traits. So, the author conducts a dialogue with the viewer, subtly hinting at what is happening and talking about the mood of each of the heroes. The Son of God is overcome by despair, he wringes his hands. His eyes are closed, and his head involuntarily leaned back.
A criminal with tied hands peeps out from behind Jesus. He opened his mouth, and his eyes widened with horror. On the right is a young man, a robber in the past, now a martyr who sadly turned away. Involuntarily you notice how the author contrasts his characters. All figures are motionless, as if frozen in anticipation of inevitability.
On the left, a despotic hand appears in the field of view, which signals the beginning of the execution. The figure of Jesus radiates hopelessness; he foresees a long and painful death. A cross has already been laid at his feet. Nicholas Ge showed exactly how Christ was betrayed and sent to shameful execution. The artist, by his very nature, understood that the Son of God was executed unjustly. The task that the author has set for himself is to convey to the viewer that Christ, by his act, atoned for the sins of the whole human race and gave mankind a chance for salvation by sacrificing his life.
Ghe was reproached for neglect of form and abuse of contrasting colors. Perhaps this was the only technique capable of expressing the feelings of the artist.
Ge wrote with characteristic broad strokes and was not afraid to use diametrically opposite colors in his canvases. He was inspired by an idea with moral characteristics rather than religious overtones. Therefore, he depicted Christ as a symbol of self-denial, in the name of the salvation of human souls. Nikolay Ge hoped all his life that thanks to art, humanity will come to its senses, and the world will be corrected.