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The famous painting by Sandro Botticelli "Pallas and Centaur" the artist painted by order of Lorenzo Medici. The philosopher Ficino’s idea that human nature is dual and combines the beginning of the animal, which is connected with the existence of the body, and the human mind, which seeks to comprehend wisdom, is laid in the fundamental principle of the painter’s plan.
Thus, the Centaur on the canvas of Botticelli is a combination of low and high impulses. After all, the bow and arrows symbolize animal traits, and the artist gives the face of the Centaur a suffering expression that resembles the faces of saints.
The canvas has neoplatonic overtones. This is a good demonstration of the landscape, where overnight you can see gloomy cliffs and amazing distances. The artist, in fact, this distance is the background. A centaur looms on it, as well as the figure of a woman holding a halberd. Her dress, the brush master painted in such picturesque colors that it reminds us of Spring. The female face is thoughtful: eyes are as if open, but the look does not look forward, but somewhere inward. Athena holds the centaur's curls with her fingers, and this confuses him a little.
In all mystery and the concept of eternity. Athena appears before us not as a woman warrior in a helmet and with a shield, who was a participant in the battle of the Lapiths against the centaurs, but a true winner, on whose face some kind of detached sympathy manifests.
The goddess in whose hands is not a spear, but a halberd embodies the moral qualities of man. The allegory of the picture is very clear: spirituality, culture and wisdom should always rise above the animal principle. This episode of antiquity is relevant at all times.
Composing By Picture End of Winter Midday